ARST 5000 Fall 2017 Week 3
Image source: joshuafkitchens

ARST 5000 Fall 2017 Week 3

Table of Contents


  • O’Toole, James M., and Richard J. Cox. Chapter 2. “The History of Archives and the Archives Profession” in Understanding Archives and Manuscripts (Society of American Archivists, 2006), p. 45-86.
  • Hirtle, Peter B. “Archival Authenticity in a Digital Age” in Authenticity in a Digital Environment (Council on Library and Information Resources, 2000). article
  • Duranti, Luciana. “Historical Documentary Memory in the Cloud: An Oxymoron or the Inescapable Future.” Read pp. 1-11. GA View.
  • Theimer, Kate. “Archives in Context and as Context.” Journal of Digital Humanities 1:2 (Spring 2012). Article
    • Adoption of the term by info tech
    • There’s value in the archival use of the term archives due to contextual relationship among records
  • Lubar, Steven. “Information Culture and the Archival Record,” American Archivist 62:1 (Spring 1999), p. 10-22.
    • Annotated Article - Private
    • “Archivist take meaning for granted” materials we deal with have intentionality to them
    • Archives are active sites of power 15
    • Context is key (metadata)
  • Tom Nesmith (2002) Seeing Archives: Postmodernism and the Changing Intellectual Place of Archives. The American Archivist: Spring/Summer, Vol. 65, No. 1, pp. 24-41.
  • Wilkinson, Tracy. “Gunmen Torch Vital Records of Rights Group in El Salvador.” LA Times (14 November 2013).,0,5788558.story#axzz2l0clGNQM
  • “Do We Need a Better Archive of the Internet?”
  • Archival Edge Revisited


Assignment Overview

What is a Record

  • ask the class to provide a definition of what a record is?
  • Make reference to the image of the

What is an Archive

  • Ask class about their thoughts
  • Bring up several of the readings

Cultural Memory institutions

  • Explain why you use this term
  • Ask roughly what each type does
  • Define the term memory as it relates to records

What they do

  • Explain why you see their purpose as broken into a 3 part process.


Museum Overview

  • Ask what an artifact might be. Look for examples from the class
  • Mention what preservation might look like in a museum
  • Discuss access in basic terms. Ask the class about their museum experiences

Museum History

  • Brief overview of the history emphasis victorian period
  • Started more as art with the Ashmolean Museum at oxford. Many had teaching missions early on then come some of the American versions.
  • Discuss Barnum and Peale (For profit)


  • explain the types briefly and how each is different.
  • Science museums are specifically very different and don’t always permeant collections


  • Explain how provenance works in this case
  • Discuss rarity and uniqueness
  • For access discuss mediated access


  • Explain what you mean about information. Consider including DATA as well in this discussion
  • Preserve is a tough word here.
  • unfiltered


  • Run through this quickly. Public access is a new concept tied to American victorian period and progressive era.


  • Explain types
  • Hint a rare book libraries and how they don’t fit the model as much as traditional libraries.
  • You could discuss the change in how libraries operate.


  • Emphasis that the original isn’t important except for rare books
  • Intrinsic attributes don’t relate to the collection development practices
  • Emphasis how librarians typically don’t restrict access.


  • Prompt the students with these questions and steer the conversation based on some of the comments from the discussion board
  • Present the definition of a record again if need be.
  • Talk about how the archivist provides access in some way.
  • Make a joke about the next slide….

Brief history

  • Discuss how sumerian cones were centrally stored
  • Bring up the Archon and Metroon of the ancient world and how these were sites of government records.
  • Hidden collections belonging to the state where documents had power to dictate obligations but there was no access.
  • Transition to french revolution with was all about access to gov records of obligations.
  • Formation of national archives, state archives and US archives in 1930’s

Archives Defined

  • SAA definition
  • Ask about major parts
  • Explain broken down into parts, Go through slides and describe different images used to illustrate the aspects of the definition.
  • For types discuss how they are different from each other.

Manuscript V Archives

  • Explain archival history here
  • Talk about pathways to archives

Discussion board question

  • talk about issue you have with video game archives, crash bandicoot remaster as example
  • Fit archives is probably closer to an archive in some respects than play, explain how this relates to how collections are perceived and understood.


  • Deal with digital collections
  • Scare with OASIS model


  • Have end of class discussion

Joshua Kitchens

Joshua Kitchens
Joshua Kitchens is an archivist, history phd student and beer nerd. These are his research notes

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